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Special Projects: Central African Republic

Reintegration of Ex-combatants and Support to Communities in the Central African Republic— UNDP
This project consists of four main components:

  1. Disarmament and reduction of small arms - Rather than exchanging arms for money, which only feeds into a black market in arms, the project seeks to provide individuals with economic alternatives to the use of arms.
  2. Demobilization and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants - This component works to create the conditions on which peace and security can be built by supporting a group that could otherwise threaten security. Reintegration activities will be determined in collaboration with the targeted prefectures following an economic and market analysis in order to identify viable economic options in each prefecture. Micro-enterprise projects in vital sectors—agriculture, mining, reconstruction activities, etc.—will also be supported. In all cases, ex-combatants will receive personalized support and individualized follow-up to ensure the greatest possible success. Families of ex-combatants will be involved from the beginning of the reintegration phase.
  3. Strengthen the Capacities of Communities of Return to Ensure a Sustainable Reintegration of Ex-combatants - The successful reintegration of ex-combatants depends upon the absorptive and welcoming capacity of the communities of return. Activities under this component will include the rehabilitation of infrastructures, both social and economic, the creation of income-generating activities, as well as activities aimed at reconciliation and dialogue.
  4. Security for Development - In order to counter the perception of injustice that can result from provision of targeted aid to those who participated in the violence and destruction, the population at large needs to benefit directly. Activities need to reconstruct and support the social tissue of the community and help ensure a sense of security and stability upon which further development can take place. Local civil society and local administration will receive technical, logistical and operational support to identify, prioritize and implement interventions that will best help to re-establish security in targeted communities.

Status: Grant Agreement between UNDP and the World Bank has been signed. The first tranche of US$3.3 million was disbursed in October 2004.
Amount: US$9,777,343

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Photo Credits: First picture on left Guy Tillim. Others by UN/DPI