20 to December 12- Burundi Demobilization and Reintegration Program (BDRP)
The focus of this mission was on: (i) reviewing Government's draft program
document; (ii) agreeing on key elements of Government's Letter of Demobilization
Policy; (ii) agreeing on parameters and timing for consultations with
national political and social stakeholders; (iii) determining conditions
for Negotiations and for World Bank Board submission; (iv) helping Government
to refine the social and economic reintegration assistance component;
(v) agreeing on institutional arrangements for financial management and
procurement; (vi) agreeing upon terms of reference for key preparatory
studies; and (viii) determining the required financial contributions of
Government, IDA and the regional MDTF to the BDRP.
17-22 Mission to Angola
The main purpose
of this mission was to (i) assist Government in finalizing the Angolan
Demobilization and Reintegration Program (ADRP) conditions of effectiveness,
(ii) assess progress made in carrying out other priority actions agreed
to during previous mission, and (iii) review progress under the MDRP special
27 to October 16 - Joint Supervision Mission
welcomed the current general trends in the region toward greater peace
and stabilisation, which included: installation of the new transitional
government in the DRC, progress in Burundi peace negotiations, consolidation
of peace in Angola, the strengthening of MONUC's mandate, and the full
deployment of the African Mission in Burundi (AMIB). The mission found
that the MDRP has proven to be a valuable coordination and financing mechanism,
with two national programs approved for financing, Angola and Rwanda;
national programs for Burundi and the DRC well underway; and with coordination
structures in place in Burundi, the DRC, Rwanda and Uganda. However, many
challenges remain, including: the continued presence of foreign armed
groups in the DRC, persistence of violence in Ituri, unwillingness of
the FNL-Palipehutu in Burundi to participate in the peace process, and
the continuing conflict between the Government of Uganda and the Lord's
Resistance Army in northern Uganda. The mission recommended that:
- The MDRP
secretariat further strengthen its presence on the ground in Burundi
and potentially in other locations, and expedite disbursement to grantees
of currently approved special projects.
- The Governments
of the DRC, Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda intensify joint efforts to increase
rates of disarmament, demobilization and repatriation of Rwandese, Burundian
and Ugandan armed groups in the DRC to their respective home countries
with the support of MONUC.
- The Government
of Burundi present an analysis of the implication of the Pretoria Protocal
for the military integration process and associated public expenditures
in medium-term, and engage donors in a transparent and systematic dialogue,
providing a credible calendar for reduction in defense expenditures.
- The MDRP
consider using the special project approach to DDR processes in the
CAR and the Republic of Congo.
- The Government
of DRC present an update on the status of DDR and Security Sector Reform
- No new
special project proposals be considered for financing in the DRC until
details, refer to the Joint Supervision Mission Key
Findings and Recommondations.
21 to August 19 Mission to Burundi
The objectives of this mission were to: (i) provide feedback on the Government
draft program document for a national Disarmament, Demobilization, Reinsertion
and Reintegration (DDRR) Program; (ii) resolve key outstanding issues
regarding program budget and institutional framework; (iii) develop a
strategy for program stakeholder consultation; (iv) review a letter of
demobilization policy; and (v) further strengthen coordination with the
African Mission and the Join Ceasefire Commission (JCC), including the
development of a Joint Operational Plan.
1-19 Mission to Uganda and Rwanda
The mission to Uganda had as its objectives to i) confer with the Ugandan
Amnesty Commission regarding their special project proposal; ii) assess
progress on the formulation of a national demobilization and reintegration
program (DRP); iii) conduct discussions on lessons-learned activities
and institutional strengthening efforts; and iv) liaise with the Government's
defence review team and DfID to find links between foreseen security sector
reform and a future DRP within the MDRP framework.
to Rwanda (Kibuye) was to participate in a workshop organized by GTZ in
close collaboration with the MDRP Secretariat on Monitoring and Evaluation
and Management Information Systems (M&E/MIS) within DRPs. It targeted
members of the MDRP Technical Coordination Group and technical staff responsible
for M&E and MIS in national programs. (See Workshops/Events
for more information)
1-18 Supervision Mission to Angola
supervision mission will provide support to the Government of Angola's
Institute for Social and Economic Reintegration of Ex-Combatants (IRSEM)
in the early phases of the Angola Demobilization and Reintegration Program
(ADRP). Some of the issues to be looked at include: discharge of ex-UNITA
combatants from gathering areas; Government progress on conditions of
effectiveness; project launch workshop; review progress on implementation;
monitor implementation of the UNDP/ILO/FAO Special Project.
16-July 4 Joint Mission to the Central African Republic
objective of this mission was to provide support to the Government of
the Central African Republic in the process of preparing and formulating
a Letter of DDR policy within the context of the MDRP. This included support
on: (i) definition and orientation of Security Sector Reform; (ii) creation
of an institutional framework; (iii) determination of target groups; (iv)
modalities of program implementation; and (v) assessment of the potential
costs and funding sources.
21 - May 16 - Technical Support Mission to Burundi
The missions objectives were to: (i) review Government preparations
for planning and of a national Disarmament, Demobilization, Reinsertion
and Reintegration program, (ii) review a letter of demobilization policy,
(iii) identify technical assistance needs, (iv) facilitate technical review
of the UNICEF special project, and (v) strengthen coordination with the
African Mission to Burundi and the Joint Ceasefire Commission.
20-March 19 Technical Support Mission to Burundi
This aim of this mission was to review and strengthen the Government's
program document and planning for a national DDRR Program, find ways to
support the Government in its efforts, support the special project review
mechanism and promote adherence to local DDR coordination mechanisms.
13-March 6 Evaluation Mission to the Republic of Congo (RoC)
MDRP Secretariat joined this EC/UNDP led mission to look at specific aspects
of DDR in Congo and how the MDRP could build on past contributions. The
overall aim of the mission was to review and evaluate past and current
DDR activities with a view to develop a comprehensive framework and methodology
for future DDR activities. It also sought to assess the current DDR needs
of the RoC.
10-15 Mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo
The aim of this mission was to (i) engage Government and partners in Kinshasa
to fine-tune coordination and collaboration arrangements in line with
partners' mandates and expectations: (ii) review approach and process
to initiate preparation of a nationa DDR Program taking into account the
recent Pretoria Accord and Developments in the region; (iii) inform itself
of the situation on the ground with respect to the repatriation of foreign
armed forces from the DRC and help to further define the role of the MDRP
vis-a-vis, and in support of, MONUC.
9-23 Mission to the Central African Republic
The aim of this mission was to assess progress on the on-going Programme
National de Démobilisation et de Réinsertion (PNDR)
with a view to revising the PNDR in accordance iwth the principles and
framework of the MDRP.
20-21 Mission to Burundi
The aim of this mission was to review Government's plans for the demobilization
and reintegration of ex-combatants and appraise two special project proposals
(it was later decided that only one special project would be processed).
18-Feb. 4 Mission to Angola
The aim of this mission was to review Government's progress in advancing
implementation arrangements under the Angola Demobilization and Reintegration
Program (ADRP) and other operational issues.