Program Management and Implementation
The Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) is governed, managed and coordinated by the following groups:
Fund Committee (TFC)
Coordination group (TCG)
One of the central aims of the MDRP is to provide support and technical assistance to the formulation and implementation of national Demobilization and Reintegration Programs (DRPs), when appropriate.
Any country in the Greater Great Lakes Region can request technical and financial assistance to prepare a national DRP. Once a request is received, focal points of interested donor and UN partners undertake an identification mission to assess the country's needs and eligibility in principle for MDRP assistance.
The findings of the joint identification mission are discussed by the Advisory Committee (AC), which makes a recommendation concerning the country's eligibility for MDRP assistance. The assessment of whether eligibility criteria have been met and whether operations can be launched in the country is made by key program partners at the country level. Subsequently, the Trust Fund Committee (TFC) considers the possibility of investing Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) resources should there be reasonable assurance that the eligibility criteria will be met by the time the program has been prepared.
Individual national programs are then prepared and supervised by national authorities and stakeholders supported by interested donor and agency partners. In parallel, the World Bank may prepare a loan/credit to co-finance a national program in accordance with the Transitional Support Strategy or Country Assistance Strategy for the respective country.
UN Agencies, NGOs and Government authorities can submit project proposals for smaller projects while a national program is being developed. Proposal concepts are submitted to the regional MDRP representative who then responds with comments on the proposal and the timeliness of such a project in the context of other DDR activities and the MDRP. A full proposal can then be submitted for review by a Local Ad-hoc Committee (LAC), which assesses the technical and financial aspects of the proposal.
For more information, see the Special Projects section of the Country Activities page.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the World Bank, the UN Mission in the DRC (MONUC) and other partners are already engaged in a number of Demobilization and Reintegration (D&R) activities in the region that complement the MDRP. In case a country requests additional assistance through the MDRP, or if a special project is proposed, a two-step approach is followed:
Financial management and procurement arrangements for the Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) and for World Bank funded activities follow standard World Bank procedures and provide for adequate flexibility and responsiveness to ensure rapid implementation. These arrangements are based on reviews and assessments of the particular needs, capacities and risks of each national program or special project, and are indicated in the relevant project document and loan/credit or grant agreement. Procedures are harmonized to the extent possible to allow for the consolidation of financial information across activities. Procedures are adjusted over time as needed.
In cases where UN agencies are implementing entities for MDTF grants, World Bank procurement procedures, which are comparable to those of UN agencies, are applied. Specific procedures and prior review thresholds are adapted to the special nature of the project area and executing agency.
The World Bank executes regional activities and program management and applies its financial management and procurement guidelines. The MDTF is audited annually according to established World Bank procedures. National programs and special projects are subject to annual, or more frequent, audits depending on the risks and need for timely information.
Ongoing supervision is undertaken by the MDRP representatives posted in the region. In addition, focal points undertake an annual joint supervision mission in preparation for the autumn Advisory and Trust Fund Committee meetings. Supervision activities monitor MDRP progress and measure success on the basis of a set of indicators (see table below) related to progress on the implementation of national programs and special projects, the participation of the international community in the MDRP, the MDRP's impact on the stabilization of the Region, and the performance of the World Bank in administering the Trust Fund.
Given the innovative nature of the MDRP, joint reviews also focus on knowledge sharing and key strategic issues linking the MDRP to the wider peace process. To ensure independence and broad ownership of the results, the reviews are conducted jointly by donors and UN partners, representatives of regional bodies, and national program representatives. Through the involvement of regional stakeholders, monitoring and evaluation is also valuable in contributing to confidence building for those who have not yet decided to join the D&R process.
For any questions regarding MDRP activities please email: [email protected]
Photo Credits: First picture on left Guy Tillim. Others by UN/DPI