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Objectives
Scope
Activities
Guiding principles
Eligibility Criteria
Multi-Donor Trust Fund
Program
Implementation
Regional Strategy

Scope

The Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) was designed to provide support and coordination in the area of Demobilization and Reintegration (D&R) to countries directly affected by, or involved in, the regional conflict centered around the DRC.

Seven countries receive active support under the MDRP: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda. MDRP support will also be extended to Namibia and Zimbabwe if and when appropriate.

An estimated 455,000 ex-combatants will benefit from the MDRP (see table below).

Estimated MDRP Target Group

COUNTRY
ESTIMATED NUMBER
Angola
138,000
Burundi
55,000
Central African Republic (CAR)
7,500
Congo, Democratic Republic of (Kinshasa)
150,000
Congo, Republic of (Brazzaville)
24,500
Rwanda
65,000
Uganda
15,300
National Programs - Total
455,300
Special Projects (included in numbers above)
37,477
Grand Total
455,300
Note: The demobilization phase may not be necessary for all countries. A significant number of combatants have already been demobilized in Congo-Brazzaville and Rwanda. In the DRC, community militias may not require formal demobilization.

Criteria for the identification of combatant status can include self-identification, proven affiliation with a known armed group, and/or proof of military ability, such as weapons handling. Especially for special projects involving irregular forces, particular attention needs to be paid to avoiding the creation of perverse incentives (i.e., individuals or groups arming themselves in order to subsequently benefit from a program of demobilization). Specific criteria will be elaborated for each national program and special project and be rigorously and systematically applied.

A non-transferable identification system and a beneficiary database will be established for each national program and special project so as to avoid the risk of ex-combatants benefiting from multiple D&R activities.

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For any questions regarding MDRP activities please email: [email protected]
 
Photo Credits: First picture on left Guy Tillim. Others by UN/DPI